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Betaine is an alkaloid with a chemical name of 1-carboxy-N,N,N-trimethylaminohydantoin. Its chemical structure is similar to that of amino acids. It is a quaternary ammonium base substance and its molecular formula is C5H11NO2. The original powder has fluidity and is slightly brown powder. The melting point is 293°C. Easily soluble in water and methanol.
Betaine is widely present in animals and plants. Among plants, Lycium barbarum and legumes contain betaine. The molasses of beet is the main source of betaine. Among animals, molluscs such as octopus, cuttlefish, and shrimp, as well as the liver, spleen and amniotic fluid of vertebrates (including humans) contain betaine.
Betaine Base; Betaine Anhydrous
Betaine HCl (CAS No. 590-46-5)
Betaine Monohydrate (CAS No. 590-47-6)
Cocamidopropyl Betaine (CAS No. 61789-40-0)
2) Function & Application
1.Feed: Betaine can be used as methyl supplier toprovide high efficient methyl and replace the methionine&cholinechloride particially. Itcan take part in the biochemicalreaction of animal and provide methyl, it is helpful to the synthesis&metabolism of protein and nucleic acid, and reduce cost ofmethionine&cholinechloride partially.
2.Cosmetic: As cosmetic raw materials, betaine alsoknown as amino acids moisturizing agents. Betaine is a rapid absorption and high activitynew moisturizing agents.
3.Pharmaceutical/food:Inmedicine use,Betaine hasthe effect of improvingeyesight,anti-fattyliver,kidneyprotection,treatment ofatherosclerosis and other cardiovascular diseases in medicine.